The Historical Museum of the Army and Copacabana Fort is open every day except Monday.
The History of the Copacabana Fort
Inaugurated in 1914, at the promontory of the little church Our Lady of Copacabana, with the aim of strengthening the defense of Guanabara Bay. Occupying a total area of 114, 169 m², Fort Copacabana was at that time considered the most modern Fortification in South America.
With its powerful cannons of 305 mm, 190 mm and 75 mm, from the German Krupp factory, it participated in several historical events, of which the most notable being the epic of “Dezoito do Forte”, on July 5th, 1922.
In 1987, the Coast Artillery Batteries were abolished, and the Army History Museum was created, establishing itself as a center for memory preservation of the Brazilian Army and a unique place of leisure in the touristic/cultural arena within Rio de Janeiro City.
The Porch’s construction began in 1918 and concluded on October 20th, 1920. There were guard accomodations, a prison and a sentence behind its building: “SI VIS PACEM PARA BELLUM” a Latin expression that means: “If you want peace, prepare yourself for war.” It was written by the Roman author Publius Flavius in the book “Epitoma Rei Militaris” in the year 390 A.D.
On the Porch we can observe the Coat of Arms of the Republic and the name Copacabana Fort, designation of military unit in the date of its construction.
Inaugurated in 1996, with the theme “The Army in the Formation of Nationality”, the Colony-Empire Hall presents the history of Brazil from the perspective of the military history, presenting the main facts related to the colonial period, including the occupation and Brazilian expansion and the genesis of national ground force beyond the imperial period, covering the independence and the participation of the Brazilian army in the war of the Triple Alliance.
In 1998, The Republic Hall was inaugurated allowing the continuation of the Permanent Exhibition and presenting the performance of the Brazilian Army in the republican regime up to 1945, covering events such as the 1991 Constituent, the Armed Rebellion, the modernization of the Brazilian Army, the contribution of Marechal Rondon to Brazil and the participation of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force. The Hall also has a Cabinet of Items that brings together collections of different themes which are not included in the exhibition but are considered to be of great relevance for the visitor. In the adjoining room, there is an exhibition about the “Military Presidents of Brazil” with information about the life, work, and conduct of men who contributed to the progress of our Country.
Located at Praça Coronel Eugênio Franco, nº 1 - Posto 6 of Copacabana Beach
Phone: (55 21) 2287-3781
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How to arrive
Bus: 121, 126, 127, 487 and 455.
Subway: Cantagalo Station
Downtown – South Area: Aterro do Flamengo and Rebouças Tunnel.
Barra – South Area: Elevado do Joá and Niemeyer Avenue.
- Exhibition Halls:
Tuesday to Sunday - from 10 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.
- Observatories, Souvenir Vitacura, Colombo Confectionery and 18 do Forte Coffee Shop:
Tuesday to Sunday - from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Adults – R$ 6,00
Over 60 years old – R$ 3,00
Students with Student ID – R$ 3,00
Scheduled Education institutions
Children under 10 years old
Seniors over 80 years old
Armed Service Members